pyrite formation rates
pyrite formation rates
Influence of calcium ion and pH on oxidation rates and ,
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introduced into the description of the pyrite oxidation process, the fitting rate constant also reflected Ca2+ had a remarkable effect on pyrite oxidation process at pH 12 but a weak influence on it at pH 6 and 9, separately The formation of goethite, magnetite, and hematite on the pyrite surface after...

Sulphate reduction, organic matter decomposition and ,
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High burial (and bioturbation) rates enable reactive compounds to become available for sulphate reduction, at depth, which otherwise would be destroyed by molecular oxygen at or above the sediment-water interface An important consequence of bacterial sulphate reduction is the formation of sedimentary pyrite, FeS 2 In normal marine sediments ....

AMD: Basic chemistry - Lehigh University
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Basic AMD Chemistry There are four commonly accepted chemical reactions that represent the chemistry of pyrite weathering to form AMD An overall summary reaction is as follows: 4 FeS 2 + 15 O 2 + 14 H 2 O =>4 Fe (OH) 3 ¯+ 8 H 2 SO 4 Pyrite + Oxygen + Water =>"Yellowboy" + Sulfuric Ac...

Pyrite formation under conditions approximating those in ,
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Jul 01, 1997· The presence of marine organic matter (freeze-dried plankton) caused an increase in the sulfidization rate of goethite and a major (about 20 X ) decrease in the rate of pyrite formation This can be interpreted as indicating that organic matter-iron interactions are important in both iron (hydr)oxide dissolution, and pyrite nucleation and growth...

(PDF) Kinetics and Mechanism of Pyrite Formation at Low ,
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For the polysulfide pathway (eqn 2), high polysulfide concentrations increase rates of pyrite formation, and thus, the reaction between polysulfide and an iron species is the rate-controlling ....

The Rosie pyrite hydrothermal system in the McArthur Basin ,
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Aug 18, 2021· The Rosie pyrite hydrothermal system is situated ~ 90 km north of McArthur River (Fig 1b) and is completely blind at surfaceLike the known deposits in the McArthur River camp, the pyrite mineralization at Rosie is hosted in black shale of the ~ 1640 Ma Barney Creek Formation (BCF) that is contained within a sub-basinal architecture...

Kinetics of pyrite formation by the H 2 S oxidation of ,
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In hydrothermal systems, such as deep ocean vents, the rate of pyrite formation by oxidation of FeS by H 2 S at 125°C assuming a typical H 2 S concentration of 1 mM is 32 × 10 -6 mol L -1 s -1 per mol FeS A 1 million tonne pyrite deposit could form from a solution containing 1 mmol FeS and 1 mmol H 2 S by this process in 1000 years at a ....

Influence of calcium ion and pH on oxidation rates and ,
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introduced into the description of the pyrite oxidation process, the fitting rate constant also reflected Ca2+ had a remarkable effect on pyrite oxidation process at pH 12 but a weak influence on it at pH 6 and 9, separately The formation of goethite, magnetite, and hematite on the pyrite surface after...

Mechanisms of sedimentary pyrite formation | Sulfur ,
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Jan 01, 2004· The mechanisms of pyrite formation are reviewed Advances since 1994 in our understanding of the mechanisms and rate of pyrite formation, the role of bacteria in the formation of pyrite, framboid formation, and incorporation of impurities into pyrite are emphasized...

Non-linear hydroxyl radical formation rate in dispersions ,
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The formation of hydroxyl radicals was studied in mixed pyrite-chalcopyrite dispersions in water using the conversion rate of adenine as a proxy for hydroxyl radical formation rate Experiments were conducted as a function of pH, presence of phosphate buffer, surface loading, and pyrite-to-chalcopyrite ratio The results indicate that hydroxyl radical formation rate in mixed systems is non ....

Sulphate reduction, organic matter decomposition and ,
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High burial (and bioturbation) rates enable reactive compounds to become available for sulphate reduction, at depth, which otherwise would be destroyed by molecular oxygen at or above the sediment-water interface An important consequence of bacterial sulphate reduction is the formation of sedimentary pyrite, FeS 2 In normal marine sediments ....

Mechanisms and rates of pyrite formation from hydrothermal ,
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Mechanisms and rates of pyrite formation from hydrothermal fluid revealed by iron isotopes , A two-step kinetic model accounts for Fe isotope exchange between fluid and pyrite • Rate constants enable estimations of dynamics of short-term (∼years) mineralizing events , The derived Fe isotope exchange rate constants suggest that more ....

Pyrite formation and the measurement of sulfate reduction ,
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suitable for measuring incorporation of 3sS into pyrite and elemental sulfur during 35S0,2- reduction measurements in salt marsh sediments Failure to explicitly measure the formation of 35S-labcled pyrite can result in the rate of sulfate reduction being underestimated by 2-fold to lo-fold or more...

ON THE ORIGIN AND SIGNIFICANCE OF PYRITE SPHERES IN ,
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An earlier model for the formation of pyrite spheres in gas bubbles , the average accumulation rate of these shales was on the order of 1023 mm/yr This figure is based on thickness of strati-graphic sections, conodont data (Ettensohn et al 1989), and age calibrations...

(PDF) Cracking the superheavy pyrite enigma: possible ,
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notable that superheavy pyrite formation requires both high MSR and VOSC formation rates so as to maintain a strong vertical δ 34 S H2S gradient (Fig 6) In addition, a l ow sulfate...

Sedimentary pyrite formation: An update | Semantic Scholar
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Sedimentary pyrite formation during early diagenesis is a major process for controlling the oxygen level of the atmosphere and the sulfate concentration in seawater over geologic time The amount of pyrite that may form in a sediment is limited by the rates of supply of decomposable organic matter, dissolved sulfate, and reactive detrital iron minerals...

Reductive dissolution of pyrite by methanogenic archaea ,
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Jun 10, 2021· Kinetics of pyrite formation by the H2S oxidation of iron (II) monosulfide in aqueous solutions between 25 and 125°C: The rate equation journal, January 1997 Rickard, David Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol 61, Issue 1...

The Formation of Silicate-Stabilized Passivating Layers on ,
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Without silicate, oxidized pyrite particles form an overlayer of crystalline goethite or lepidocrocite with porous structure With silicate addition, a smooth, continuous, coherent and apparently amorphous iron oxyhydroxide surface layer is observed, with consequent pyrite dissolution rates reduced by more than 90% at neutral pH...

Alkalinity Production Coupled to Pyrite Formation ,
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In situ rates of pyrite formation depend on a wide range of environmental conditions (Burton et al, 2011) The availability of sulfate, organic carbon, and reactive iron are key factors controlling pyrite formation in coastal sediments (Berner, 1970, 1984; Figure 1) In blue carbon ecosystems, tidal seawater inundation...

Sedimentary pyrite formation: An update | Semantic Scholar
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Sedimentary pyrite formation during early diagenesis is a major process for controlling the oxygen level of the atmosphere and the sulfate concentration in seawater over geologic time The amount of pyrite that may form in a sediment is limited by the rates of supply of decomposable organic matter, dissolved sulfate, and reactive detrital iron minerals...

Response to Comment on “Abiotic Pyrite Formation Produces ,
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Feb 03, 2012· The causes of variable pyrite nucleation rates in sedimentary environments are diverse and have been reviewed in detail by It is plain from these detailed critical reviews that pyrite-formation rates in modern sediments cannot be summed up by the simple flat assertion that make Given that, similar speculation on rates in the Archean and ....

Geosciences | Free Full-Text | Pyrite Morphology and δ34S ,
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For the standards, the average 32 S count rates on the FC detector were ~4 × 10 8 and 5 × 10 8 cps (counts per second) for Ruttan pyrite and Chisel sphalerite respectively The stability of the instrument was constantly monitored, and the instrumental mass fractionation was determined by analyzing the standard several times throughout each ....

Pyrite: Its Rapid Formation in a Salt Marsh and Its ,
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Pyrite formation in salt-marsh peat occurs more rapidly than is generally thought for any natural system Pyrite is the major end product of sulfate reduction, and sulfate reduction is the major form of respiration in the salt-marsh ecosystem When the rapid formation of pyrite is ignored, the rates of sulfate reduction and ecosystem respiration may be grossly underestimated...

Geosciences | Free Full-Text | Pyrite Morphology and δ34S ,
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For the standards, the average 32 S count rates on the FC detector were ~4 × 10 8 and 5 × 10 8 cps (counts per second) for Ruttan pyrite and Chisel sphalerite respectively The stability of the instrument was constantly monitored, and the instrumental mass fractionation was determined by analyzing the standard several times throughout each ....

Pyrite: Its Rapid Formation in a Salt Marsh and Its ,
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Pyrite formation in salt-marsh peat occurs more rapidly than is generally thought for any natural system Pyrite is the major end product of sulfate reduction, and sulfate reduction is the major form of respiration in the salt-marsh ecosystem When the rapid formation of pyrite is ignored, the rates of sulfate reduction and ecosystem respiration may be grossly underestimated...

Pyrite formation and the measurement of sulfate reduction ,
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suitable for measuring incorporation of 3sS into pyrite and elemental sulfur during 35S0,2- reduction measurements in salt marsh sediments Failure to explicitly measure the formation of 35S-labcled pyrite can result in the rate of sulfate reduction being underestimated by 2-fold to lo-fold or more...

Pathways for Neoarchean pyrite formation constrained by ,
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Oct 29, 2013· Experimental and field studies have suggested that large framboidal pyrite grains typically form in sulfide-rich environments and associated with rapid rates of pyrite formation, whereas euhedral pyrite grains form in settings where sulfide concentrations are lower and pyrite formation rates are slower (20 ⇓ –22)...

Geosciences | Free Full-Text | Pyrite Morphology and δ34S ,
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For the standards, the average 32 S count rates on the FC detector were ~4 × 10 8 and 5 × 10 8 cps (counts per second) for Ruttan pyrite and Chisel sphalerite respectively The stability of the instrument was constantly monitored, and the instrumental mass fractionation was determined by analyzing the standard several times throughout each ....

PYRITE OXIDATION RATES FROM HUMIDITY CELL TESTING ,
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PYRITE OXIDATION RATES FROM HUMIDITY CELL TESTING OF GREENSTONE ROCK1 Kim A Lapakko2 David A Antonson2 Abstract Fourteen samples of pyrite-bearing Archean greenstone rock (d < 635 mm, 008 ≤ FeS2 ≤ 225 wt %) were characterized and subjected to laboratory dissolution testing for periods of 154 or 204 weeks Rates of pyrite oxidation...

Mechanisms and rates of pyrite formation from hydrothermal ,
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Jul 01, 2021· The initial pyrite precipitation rates, expressed as log 10 (mol pyrite/kg fluid/day), vary over a narrow range, from –17 (m20) to –12 (m15), and are about 1 log unit lower than those from Syverson et al’s (2013) experiments at 300 and 350 °C In the subsequent samples (>3 days) of the time series, Fe aqueous concentrations either ....